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What is a Bunion?

Bunions, also known as hallux abductovalgus, are bony enlargements that develop gradually at the base of the big toe. The bony bump forms when the bones in your foot displace. As the big toe turns towards the other toes, you may experience pain, redness, and swelling at the joint.


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Causes and Risk Factors:

Genetics and family history, along with risk factors, are thought to play a significant role in developing bunions.

Risk factors include

  • Improper gait patterns

  • Improper footwear (high heels and narrow toe box shoes)

  • Arthritic changes

  • Foot injuries

  • Neuromuscular conditions


Bunions can present themselves with multitude of complications including:

  • Difficulty walking

  • Difficulty finding proper-fitting shoes

  • Bursitis

  • Hammer toes

  • Metatarsalgia

  • Chronic pain

  • Arthritis

  • Callus/corns

How we can help:

Before surgery, many people may opt for conservative treatments that can help to alleviate the pain and discomfort associated with bunions. It is important to note that these conservative treatments do not reverse the bunion but they may slow down the progression of the condition and reduce pain.

Some of these treatments include:

  • Prescription Custom-Made Foot Orthotics to correct gait abnormalities

  • Day and Night Bunion splints to keep the toe straight

  • Cold Laser Therapy to decrease pain and inflammation

  • Proper-fitting footwear

  • Bunion pads/cushions and toe spacers

  • Topical anti-inflammatory cream

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